Rwanda Bribery Index: Bribery in Rwanda is low but significant money is involved and report mechanisms are not often used

Issued by Transparency International Rwanda

Bribery in Rwanda is limited but a number of challenges remain, reveals a new report published today by Transparency Rwanda (TR), the civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption. The report, Rwanda Bribery Index (RBI) 2010, is the first attempt to analyse in depth the current state of this specific form of corruption at national level.

The study confirms that the fight against corruption in Rwanda is paying off, as the likelihood of encountering bribe demand occurrences is 3.9%, the prevalence of bribery is 2.15% and the impact of bribery on service delivery is 1.98%, while more than 80% of Rwandans have neither encountered nor witnessed corruption.

However a number of challenges remain, as the average size of bribes paid in a year by those who indulged in corruption was a significant Rwf 27,467 and bribes paid range from Rwf 200 to a stunning Rwf 600,000. Moreover, several indicators show that some institutions are quite affected by this vice, including the Police (which received 52.3% of all bribes paid), civil society (which registered the highest likelihood of bribe demand occurrences at 16.8%), local government bodies, conciliators and the private sector. The research also shows that, while most Rwandans say they will take positive actions should they encounter bribery in the future, 56% have not reported the corruption cases they have come across.

“We are pleased that our study confirms that bribery levels in our country are so low and we commend all those institutions which fight corruption on a daily basis” said Marie Immaculée Ingabire, Chairperson of Transparency Rwanda. “However we must remain vigilant, strengthen the transparency of those institutions which are mostly affected, continue sensitise the population and improve the accessibility of reporting mechanisms” she added.

The Rwanda Bribery Index shows that 35.8% of citizens think that enough is being done to fight corruption, but an ever greater share (56%) believe that while there is good effort, more needs to be done, with the difficulty to tackle grand corruption being an area of concern. The study also indicates that the Police is the institution that the citizens have most faith in to lead the fight against corruption, followed by the Ombudsman and the Presidency.

“However a wide range of actors must engage in combating corruption and an integrated effort by Government, private sector and civil society is required if the fight is to be won” concluded Apollinaire Mupiganyi, Transparency Rwanda’s Executive Secretary.

TR calls on public institutions, civil society and private sector to strengthen their governance structures, continue raise awareness on the negative effects of corruption and monitor service delivery at local level. While it is essential to encourage citizens to report corruption, it is also crucial to improve the accessibility and confidentiality of reporting mechanisms.

Download the Rwanda Bribery Index Report here.

Notes to the editor

Corruption is operationally defined by Transparency International (TI) as the abuse of entrusted power for private gain.

Bribery is a form of corruption. It is an act implying money or gift given that alters the behaviour of the recipient. Bribery can be defined as the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of any item of value to influence the actions of an official or other person in charge of a public or legal duty.

Transparency Rwanda (TR), a legally recognized NGO established in 2004, is a growing institution in Rwanda increasingly seen as a leading anti-corruption actor. TR’s vision is “Zero tolerance to corruption in the Rwandan society” while its mission is “To contribute in the fight against corruption and promoting good governance through enhancing integrity in the Rwandan society”. TR is part of the Transparency International movement.

For any press enquiries please contact

Marie Immaculée Ingabire, TR Chairperson
T: +250 (0)788300248
Apollinaire Mupiganyi, TR Executive Secretary
T: +250 (0)788309563
E: .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)


Support Transparency International

La Justicia española debe investigar el lavado de imagen de Azerbaiyán en Europa

Tres políticos españoles —Pedro Agramunt, Agustín Conde Bajén y Jordi Xuclá— se encuentran entre los delegados ante la Asamblea Parlamentaria del Consejo de Europa (APCE) sobre los que pesan sospechas de haberse beneficiado con la maniobra del “Laundromat”.

International Anti-Corruption Day 2018: The power of people’s pressure

Across the world, Transparency International chapters work hard to help the public become involved and engaged in the fight against corruption.

Clean up Spain – Justice for Azerbaijan’s reputation laundering in Europe

In Azerbaijan, critical voices are routinely suppressed. Meanwhile in Europe, politicians suspected of helping whitewash Azerbaijan’s record on human rights enjoy impunity. Join our campaign to urge authorities in Spain to investigate.

Everything you need to know about the 18th International Anti-Corruption Conference (#18IACC)

The #18IACC will take place from 22-24 October in Copenhagen, Denmark under the theme Together for Development, Peace and Security: Now is the Time to Act. Get the latest info and updates here!

Risky business: Europe’s golden visa programmes

Are EU Member States accepting too much risk in their investor migration schemes?

Future Against Corruption Award 2018

TI is calling on young people across the globe to join the anti-corruption movement. People between the age of 18 and 35 are invited to submit a short video clip presenting their idea on new ways to fight corruption. Three finalists will be invited to Berlin during the International Anti-Corruption Day festivities to be awarded with the Future Against Corruption Award.

The Azerbaijani Laundromat one year on: has justice been served?

In September last year, a massive leak of bank records from 2012 to 2014 showed that the ruling elite of Azerbaijan ran a $3 billion slush fund and an international money laundering scheme. One year on, has enough been done to hold those involved to account?

Why rather

Follow us on Why rather